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# Friday, June 27, 2014

What will you do if you have async Web API method that runs on server for a some time but your client is dropped?

There are two solutions:

  1. Run method to the end and allow to a framework to deal with disconnect;
  2. Try to be notified about client's drop and to break early.

The first approach is simplest but might result in some overconsumption of server resources. The other method requires you to check client status from time to time.

Fortunatelly, ASP.NET provides a HttpResponse.ClientDisconnectedToken property, which is limited to IIS 7.5+ in integrated mode, but still fits our needs. So, you should request ClientDisconnectedToken, if any, and implement your async code using that token.

The following extension function gets that token:

using System.Linq;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Threading;
using System.Web;

public static class HttpApiExtensions
{
  public static CancellationToken GetCancellationToken(
    this HttpRequestMessage request)
  {
    CancellationToken cancellationToken;
    object value;
    var key = typeof(HttpApiExtensions).Namespace + ":CancellationToken";

    if (request.Properties.TryGetValue(key, out value))
    {
      return (CancellationToken)value;
    }

    var httpContext = HttpContext.Current;

    if (httpContext != null)
    {
      var httpResponse = httpContext.Response;

      if (httpResponse != null)
      {
        try
        {
          cancellationToken = httpResponse.ClientDisconnectedToken;
        }
        catch
        {
          // Do not support cancellation.
        }
      }
    }

    request.Properties[key] = cancellationToken;

    return cancellationToken;
  }
}

And here is a Web API WordCount service described in the previous post:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class ValuesController: ApiController
{
  public async Task<int> GetWordCount([FromUri(Name = "url")] string[] urls)
  {
    var cancellationToken = Request.GetCancellationToken();

    using(var client = new HttpClient())
    {
      return (await Task.WhenAll(
        urls.Select(url => WordCountAsync(client, url, cancellationToken)))).Sum();
    }
  }

  public static async Task<int> WordCountAsync(
    HttpClient client,
    string url,
    CancellationToken cancellationToken)
  {
    string content = await (await client.GetAsync(url, cancellationToken)).
      Content.ReadAsStringAsync();

    return WordCount(content);
  }

  private static int WordCount(string text)
  {
    var count = 0;
    var space = true;

    for (var i = 0; i < text.Length; ++i)
    {
      if (space != char.IsWhiteSpace(text[i]))
      {
        space = !space;

        if (!space)
        {
          ++count;
        }
      }
    }

    return count;
  }
}

Though is simple there is a nuisance. You should pass cancellation token here and there, which adds to a pollution from async.

Friday, June 27, 2014 2:42:44 PM UTC  #    Comments [0] -
.NET | Thinking aloud
Comments are closed.
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