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# Tuesday, July 30, 2013

What is the slowest function in kendo? Or better, which function has most negative performance impact in kendo.

Recently, we were dealing with a simple page, which was too slow, as data binding took more than second.

The page contained a dropdown list, with ~1000 options. To understand the reason we have run this page under the IE's built-in javascript profiler, and ...

there, we have found that almost half of the time is taken by a function (call it X), which receives nothing and returns always the same result!

But, let's now see a minimal example that demostrates the problem:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Test</title>
    <script src="scripts/jquery/jquery.js"></script>
    <script src="scripts/kendo/kendo.web.min.js"></script>
    <link href="styles/kendo.common.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="styles/kendo.default.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <link href="styles/style.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script>
var model;

function init()
{
  var source = [];

  for(var i = 0; i < 1000; ++i)
  {
    source.push({ text: "value " + i, value: "" + i });
  }

  model = kendo.observable(
  {
    value: "1",
    source: new kendo.data.DataSource(
    {
      data: source
    })
  });

  model.source.read();
}

function test()
{
  kendo.bind("#view", model);
}

init();
  </script>
</head>
<body>
<p>
  <button onclick="test()">Click to start test</button>
</p>
<p id="view">
  Select:
  <input data-role="dropdownlist"
    data-bind="value: value, source: source"
    data-text-field="text"
    data-value-field="value"/>
</p>
</body>
</html>

There are two parts: initialization, and a test itself that starts upon button click.

In the initialization part we have defined a model, containing a datasource.

The test part performs data binding.

Now, here is a run statistics:

Function Count Inclusive time (ms) Inclusive time % Avg time (ms)
test 1 456.05 100 456.05
X 1,000 200.14 43.89 0.2

So, X is fast by itself, but it run 1000 times, and took about 44% of all time.

And now, to the function. It's kendo.data.binders.widget.source.fn._ns.

Here is its code:

_ns: function(ns) {
  ns = ns || kendo.ui;
  var all = [ kendo.ui, kendo.dataviz.ui, kendo.mobile.ui ];
  all.splice($.inArray(ns, all), 1);
  all.unshift(ns);

  return kendo.rolesFromNamespaces(all);
}

We can see that on each call it receives a parameter undefined, and always returns an array with the same content. Not sure why Kendo UI team made it so complex, but one can easily device a simple patch that optimizes this code path.

function patch()
{
  var base = kendo.data.binders.widget.source.fn._ns;
  var result;

  kendo.data.binders.widget.source.fn._ns = function(ns)
  {
    return ns ? base.call(this, ns) :
      (result || (result = base.call(this, ns)));
  }
}

With this patch applied, the profiler shows:

Function Count Inclusive time (ms) Inclusive time % Avg time (ms)
test 1 253.03 100 253.03
_ns 1,000 6 2.37 0.01

Execution time dropped considerably, and _ns() loses its title of most time consuming function!

An example can be found at slow.html.

Tuesday, July 30, 2013 8:47:11 PM UTC  #    Comments [0] -
javascript | kendoui
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